1. Plot is what characters do; motivation is why they do it. Motivation:  point where plot and characters come together.

2.  Author may stress either plot or character; it is how they blend that matters.

3.  Plot and subject are not the same.  The subject is what the story is about.A reader should not judge the work of literature on the basis of the subject, but on the basis of style and ideas. Content is  how the author arranges the events in the story; in other words, how he/she deals with the subject.

4. Most novels have some departure from the strict temporal sequence

5. The author creates a plot by arranging events in a story in order to achieve a certain effect. A pattern of cause-effect relationships may be created. Plot imposes form on experience, which is formless. Plot is important in expressing the meaning of a work.

6. Structure of a plot

  • Beginning: How the novel starts. Explosion: the writer imparts information that is necessary to understand the story. Introduces an element of instability; there is an opennes in the story that is capable of being developped.
  • Middle: Elements of instability group themselves into what we recognize as a pattern or complication. Complication turns into climax when it reaches its level of highest intensity.
  • End: Outcome. How the novel ends.

7. Laws of plot

  • Plausibility: the story should be convincing on its own terms, but not necessarily realistic.
  • Element of surprise should be present.
  • Suspence: we should not know how the story turns out.
  • Foreshadowing: hints at the direction the story will take
  • Logical: events should be believable in their relationships to one another.
  • Unity is found when the novel has a beginning, a middle, and an end and includes plausibility surprise and suspence.
  • Subplots may be present and should have a connection with the main plot.
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